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Posted in Philippines Pride! with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on May 23, 2009 by zuchxenon
Puerto Princesa Underground River

Puerto Princesa Underground River


The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park is located about 50 kilometers north of the city of Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines. It is located in the Saint Paul Mountain Range on the northern coast of the island. The City Government of Puerto Princesa has managed the National Park since 1992. It is also known as St. Paul’s Subterranean River National Park, or St. Paul Underground River. The entrance to the Subterranean River is a short hike from the town of Sabang. Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park has been nominated for the “New Seven Wonders of Nature” competition.


The park has a limestone karst mountain landscape with an 8.2 kilometer navigable underground river. A distinguishing feature of the river is that it winds through a cave before flowing directly into the South China Sea. It includes major formations of stalactites and stalagmites, and several large chambers. The area also represents a habitat for biodiversity conservation. The site contains a full mountain-to-the-sea ecosystem and has some of the most important forests in Asia. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site on December 4, 1999.


The Park has a range of forest formations representing eight of the thirteen forest types found in tropical Asia, namely forest over ultramafic soils, forest over limestone soils, montane forest, freshwater swamp forest, lowland evergreen tropical rainforest, riverine forest, beach forest, and mangrove forest. Researchers have identified more than 800 plant species from 300 genera and 100 families. These include at least 295 trees dominated by the dipterocarp type of species.


Birds comprise the largest group of vertebrates found in the Park. Of the 252 bird species known to occur in Palawan, a total of 165 species of birds was recorded in the park from. This represents 67% of the total birds and all of the 15 endemic bird species of Palawan. Notable species seen in the park are the Blue-napped parrot (Tanygnathus lucionensis), Tabon scrub fowl (Megapodius cumunigii), Hill myna (Gracula religiosa), Palawan hornbill (Anthracoceros marchei), White breasted sea eagle (Halitutus leucogates ).

There are also some 30 mammal species that have been recorded (Madulid, 1998). Most often observed in the forest canopy and along the shoreline feeding during low tide is the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis), the only primate found in the area. Other mammal species in the Park are the Bearded pig (Sus barbatus), Bearcat (Arctictis binturong), Palawan stink badger (Mydaus marchei) and the Palawan porcupine (Hystrix pumilus)

19 species of reptiles have been identified, eight of which are endemic (Madulid, 1998). Common species in the area include large predators like the Common reticulated python (Phython reticulatus), the Monitor lizard (Varanus salvator) and the green crested lizard (Bronchocoela cristatella). Amphibian fauna include ten species. The Philippine woodland frog (Rana acanthi) is the most dominant and frequently encountered. One species, Barbourula busuangensis, endemic to Palawan was also observed in the area.

Notable are the nine species of bats, two species of swiftlets and whip spider (Stygophrynus sp.) found in the cave, and the Sea cow (Dugong dugon) and the Hawksbill sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) the feed in the coastal area of the Park.




Be Honest! Be a true Filipino!

Posted in BE HONEST! BE A TRUE FILIPINO! with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on May 15, 2009 by zuchxenon
This is the logo of the contest's organizer

This is the logo of the contest's organizer

There are so many dishonest things that are happening in our country and in our world. Dr. Jose P. Rizal perceived that the youth is the future’s beholder. That’s why I decided to post a sample of an Oratorical Piece encouraging the youth to be honest and truthful to his/herself and to the people around them.


              January 2005, a man in a speeding motorcycle accidentally dropped budles of cash and checks amounting to P300,000. A twelve year old student from a public school raised in a poor family witnessed that incident. It was a moment that will test one’s conviction, a moment to decide for what is right. If you were in that situation, what will you do? Youre family is financially in need, and here’s the money that could change your life for the better. Now, what is right for you? For Christina “Tinay” Bugayong, she did what is right- to return the money to the rightful owner through the help of a radio station despite the odds and after numerous sweet talks from neigbors to keep the money, and split it among themselves. Tinay, a Filipino youth and student  whose deed is worthy of emulation and recognition- making us proud of our race. She is an epitome of incalculable honesty, by being honest even if others are not, even if others will not and even if others cannot.

              What I shared is just one of the many faces of honesty.From the moment we stepped the portals of our Alma Mater, we are made aware that honesty is the best policy.As a filipino youth and student, are we that properly oriented on what we considered a cliche now? Do we really know what honesty means for us? Honesty, a clear concsiense before myself and before my fellow human beings, being aware of what is right and appropriate in one’s role, one’s behavior and one’s relationship. Being honest means no hipocrisy or artificiality, which creates confusion and mistrust in the minds and lives of others. Honesty makes a life of integrity because the inner and outer selves are but a mirror image. It is telling the truth, it is straightforward conduct.

              Filipinos are naturally born to be honest and raised by our parents with virtue of honesty as our guiding principle in life. Others may question this and say otherwise… but WE should prove them WRONG!

              Aside from Tinay, there are still many Filipinos who were shaped and lived up with virtue of honesty. Nestor Sulpico, a taxi driver, Romeo Pelaez, a janitor, Nita Ramos, a utility worker and Melitza Ann Chan, an OFW nurse- individuals from different walks of life who faced different situations which challenged their honesty. Their stories inspire us, Filipino youth and students to reflect honesty as we go on with our lives. Each day we grow with honesty. We all want to be honest in our own way. Yes, my fellow students, being honest is not just returning money and lost valuables. It’s more than that.

              How do you perceive honesty as a Filipino youth and student? Do you steal money or nick some bills from your parents wallet to play computer games? Do you cheat during examinations to get high scores? Do you ever lie in any kind for your own gain and your friend’s sake? Do you tolerate any illegalities and forms of graft and corruption in the community to cover up an individual or because of fear? These questions remind us one thing- being honest is a challenge that will test our resistance to temptations- temptations that seem to be a part of our everyday life.

              As a Filipino youth and student how can I live with honesty? No other treasure chest could induce me to steal, for I believe that I have my own large treasure chest which God gave me. I am contented and confident that whatever I have now is enough to leave simple and happy life. I have enough. I could not ask for more.

              I have a home where honesty abounds. It is where I first learned about this virtue. My parents taught me that my every word should speak with honesty and that my every action should reflect integrity. Proverbs chapter 20; verse 7 states that “the righteouss is walking in his integrity.” Therefore, an honest person is a person of integrity.

              I have a school which serves as the foundation of our country’s greatest hope. It is where my mentors taught me to be honest in dealing with my classmates, peers and teachers. It is where a student like Tinay and like us are nurtured and shaped.

              I have a church where it’s people are God-fearing. It is where I learned to accept God and to live with his words. It is where I was molded to be a faithful servant. An honest whom God wants me to be.

              I have a community where it’s citizens are vigilant and responsible for their actions, where the youth practice leadership, good and honest governance.

              In this life full of temptations and in this world where honesty is not an easy virtue, every Filipino youth and student whom Jose Rizal perceived as the viewer of the past and the beholder of the future should have the will and the courage to do what is right- at home… in school… in church, in community. Just like Tinay… just like others- our life can also be a source of inspiration- a life in which every simple act of honesty matters- a life that mirrors human dignity. Yes, let us live an extraordinary life by being honest even if others are not, even if others will not and even if others cannot. Hand in hand let us make the difference… let us make this country a better place to live in. BE HONEST! BE A TRUE FILIPINO!

-Alvin F. Apolinar,Palawan National School

A contestant from the BCBP Oratorical Competition,UP Diliman.